Enamel defects are the result of trauma or disease affecting the animal during the development of the tooth buds or because of a genetic condition. This can affect individual teeth or groups of teeth and may be weaken them or cause staining and allow build up of tartar more easily than teeth with normal enamel. These teeth should have diagnostic imaging to assess their vitality. At times, especially in young animals, the abnormal enamel may come off during scaling. Teeth with enamel defects may be treated with bonded sealants to reduce sensitivity and lessen calculus build up. Larger enamel defects may be restored with composite to protect the tooth as well as improve its cosmetic appearance.